ACTS, Chapter 2

Verses 1-4

(NIV)  When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting.  They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.

(NKJ)  When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.  And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting.  Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them.  And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

(KJV) And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

Comment: The day of Pentecost was the day after the Sabbath, or a Sunday. In the Jewish calendar, it was the Feast of Weeks (see Leviticus 23:15-21 and Deuteronomy 16:9-11). Deuteronomy 16:9 says something that is interesting in light of these events:  “You shall count seven weeks for yourself; begin to count the seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the grain." The day the sickle was put to the grain the first time was the second day of the Passover Feast. By the time of Jesus, the Pharisees and Sadducees had a difference about when Passover was. The week of the Crucifixion, it was Thursday for the Pharisees and Friday for the Sadducees. The second day for the Pharisees would have been on a Saturday and that was a Sabbath, so the sickle would have first been put to the grain the next day, Sunday. The second day for the Sadducees was Sunday. So either way it was Sunday that year. Counting seven weeks, we again reach the day after the Sabbath, so Pentecost was on a Sunday.

The disciples were not in the Temple at this point; they were in a meeting place, most probably the upper room of the house where they usually met. Was the sound of a rushing wind heard outside, in the city? Yes, as the following verses indicate. This was not a quiet event.

Every translation, as indicated by the three above, say the event was "LIKE" tongues of flame -- that's the closest they could come to describing it. If we go back to Ezekiel's description of what he saw, we read "Then I looked, and behold, a whirlwind was coming out of the north, a great cloud with raging fire engulfing itself; and brightness was all around it and radiating out of its midst like the color of amber, out of the midst of the fire." This was the cloud that guided the Israelites through the wilderness, the one that came to rest on Moses' Tabernacle and then on Solomon's Temple. In the Talmud it is called the Shekinah.

Before Jesus, the Holy Spirit came UPON people (Judges 6:34; 1Sam.10:6; 16:13). But in His last talk to His disciples, in John 14:17, Jesus promised His Holy Spirit would ‘abide with you and will be in you.’ In Colossians 1:27, Paul refers to “the glorious riches of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory." It is for this reason Paul tells us our bodies are temples (1 Cor. 3:16, 6:19 and 1 Cor. 6:16).

This event began the Church Age, or the Times of the Gentiles. These times closed when the Jews, finally back in their own country of Israel, retook Jerusalem in the Six Day War of 1967. We are living on "borrowed time" at the present. The Holy Spirit, the one who restrains evil, is taken out of the way in 2 Thessalonians 2:7. Because Jesus told us He will not leave us as orphans, but that the Holy Spirit would come to us (John14:18), when the Holy Spirit is taken up, we will be taken up also. This is called the Rapture. It is the activity of the Holy Spirit in the hearts and lives of the followers of Christ that defines the Times of the Gentiles (even past the Six Day War). It started with His arrival on Pentecost and will end as He is taken away, and us with Him, to allow the rampant evil of the Tribulation to begin.

And so, for the first time in history, people were 'filled with the Holy Spirit.' What happened then has been widely perverted in a number of charismatic churches today. The disciples were given the supernatural ability to speak in different languages. These were the actual languages and dialects of the people gathered around the house, and not babble. The ability to supernaturally speak in another language is not the "gift of tongues" but is a miracle from God, not ours for the commanding and not a normal sign of being filled with the Holy Spirit. Romans 8 tells us that anyone who belongs to Christ has the Holy Spirit within him or her. The "gift of tongues" is the wonderful ability some people have to master a number of different languages rather quickly. That is a gift, but it is not the miracle that happened on Pentecost.

Verses 5-12
(NIV)
 Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven.  When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard their own language being spoken. Utterly amazed, they asked: “Aren’t all these who are speaking Galileans? Then how is it that each of us hears them in our native language? Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,[the Roman provice of that name] Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs—we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!” Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, “What does this mean?”

(NKJ)  And there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, from every nation under heaven.  And when this sound occurred, the multitude came together, and were confused, because everyone heard them speak in his own language.  Then they were all amazed and marveled, saying to one another, “Look, are not all these who speak Galileans?  And howis it that we hear, each in our own language in which we were born? Parthians and Medes and Elamites, those dwelling in Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,  Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya adjoining Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes,  Cretans and Arabs—we hear them speaking in our own tongues the wonderful works of God.”  So they were all amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “Whatever could this mean?”

(KJV) And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language. And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans? And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born? Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this?

Comment: Although the two King James versions use the term "dwelling" in Jerusalem, the NIV is a little more accurate in terms we understand. There were Jews and converts from Judaism from all over that area of the world who had converged on Jerusalem. Depending on how far they had come, some may have just come for the Feast of Weeks, while others may have been staying since the Passover (hence the use of the term 'dwelling'). It was obligatory for all Jews to come to Jerusalem three times a year: Passover, Feast of Weeks, and the Feast of Tabernacles. The first two were fifty days apart, and Tabernacles is in the autumn. Those who had been there the full fifty days may well have been aware of the Crucifixion, the stories (and possible eyewitnesses to the evidence) of the Resurrection and certainly of the talk that went around afterward.

And now many -- several thousand -- had converged at or near the house where the disciples were, drawn by the sound of the wind coming from that direction. There are pictures in some books of all the disciples standing together and proclaiming the news. That would have sounded like babble. People generally gather in their own groups, and in this case, probably by language so they could understand one another. It is very likely the disciples were walking among them and addressing each group in its own language. There were 120 disciples at that point, as mentioned earlier, so the idea that they were spread out and walking among the crowd is not an unreasonable idea.

Verses 13-15
(NIV)
Some, however, made fun of them and said, “They have had too much wine.” Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd: “Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say.  These people are not drunk, as you suppose. It’s only nine in the morning!

(NKJ) Others mocking said, “They are full of new wine.” But Peter, standing up with the eleven, raised his voice and said to them, “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and heed my words.  For these are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day. 

(KJV) Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine. But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words: For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.

Comment: There is a differentiation here between the twelve disciples (the first eleven having been chosen by Jesus, and Matthias by the Apostles themselves) and the 120 who were speaking in tongues. The idea of 120 men all being drunk by 9 in the morning would also have attracted a lot of people! But, as Peter says, they were not drunk at all.

Verses 16-21

(NIV) No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:

“‘In the last days, God says,
I will pour out my Spirit on all people.
Your sons and daughters will prophesy,
your young men will see visions,
your old men will dream dreams.
Even on my servants, both men and women,
I will pour out my Spirit in those days,
and they
will prophesy.
I will show wonders in the heavens above
and signs on the earth below,
blood and fire and billows of smoke.
The sun will be turned to darkness
and the moon to blood
before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord.
And everyone who calls
on the name of the Lord will be saved.’

(NKJ) But this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:

‘And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God,
That I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh;
Your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
Your young men shall see visions,
Your old men shall dream dreams.
And on My menservants and on My maidservants
I will pour out My Spirit in those days;
And they shall prophesy.
I will show wonders in heaven above
And signs in the earth beneath:
Blood and fire and vapor of smoke.
The sun shall be turned into darkness,
And the moon into blood,
Before the coming of the great and awesome day of the Lord.
And it shall come to pass
That whoever calls on the name of the Lord
Shall be saved.’

(KJV) But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:
And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:
The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and notable day of the Lord come:
And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.

Comment: Peter’s Introduction starts right in by linking with the prophecy of Joel 2:28-32. Referring to current events of their time, he links it on several counts 1). Moon turned to blood (eclipsed) night before the Crucifixion. 2). The sun was turned to darkness at the time of the Crucifixion (this is related, as strange as it may seem, to Joshua's long day). 3). God had poured out His Spirit on them and they were prophesying (giving God’s message).

There is something very important to understand about the quote Peter was using. If we go back to the context of Joel, we find something going on in Chapter 2. The first eleven verses describe a coming "day of the Lord" which would be a horror..."It is dreadful. Who can endure it?" Then verses 12-17 seem to back up from that in a call for Israel to repent. Verses 18-27 contain a promise of restoration. It is then that Peter's quote picks up. In the Old Testament, we read not "the last days," but "And afterward...." Why would Peter say "in the last days" referring to his time? The reason is because there are a number of indications in Acts and even in the Gospels that, had Israel accepted their Messiah at THAT time, the Millennial Kingdom would have started then. That, indeed, would have marked their time as "the last days."

As it is, we have seen Israel's restoration begun in 1948. The great and terrible day of the Lord has not yet come. So when is the "and afterward?" Joel seems to indicate that the 'afterward' is after Israel is restored. That would make it now. In this time of false miracles and perversions of Christianity in so many areas, there is nevertheless, a number of reports coming out of the Middle East of Muslims who want to know the truth and are being granted dreams and visions of Jesus, and are coming to Him in large numbers, at risk of their lives. Is this what Joel was prophesying about? It must be said that that Lord deals with each person who has ever lived on an individual basis. So always some have had special dreams or otherwise special moments granted to them. It is equally true that Satan and his minions have been able to deceive with false miracles and signs. How to know the difference? There are two ways: first, a tree is known by its fruits. What have these dreams and visions produced? Second, if there is anything in the dream or vision that denies (or refuses to admit) Jesus is God in the flesh, then it is false and satanic.

What are the wonders Joel was speaking of? They may or may not be so dramatic as to be evident to everyone. For instance, this autumn of 2016 was the first time since the Christmas star that Jupiter and Venus were in such close conjunction they appeared as one ball of light. We also had the four 'blood moons' which occurred without any other lunar eclipses between on four Jewish feast days in 2014 and 2015, in order. The sun turning to darkness could be either an eclipse at a special time or the blocking of the sun due to the air being clogged with smoke and ash from volcanoes. At this time, we know Yellowstone has been rising due to a pooling of fresh magma underneath it. It is an incredibly large volcanic caldera which could again explode. If it does, it probably would set off the San Andreas fault and the Cascade fault, the Cascade having a number of associated volcanoes which would also then erupt. This would certainly send enough ash into the sky to blot out the sun around the world for some time. This is not a prophesy. This is just an idea about what it might mean for the sun to be turned to darkness.

The last line of the quote from Joel is the promise to all people: Whoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved. It is important to understand that "name" refers to character, not the letters spelling a name (which are different in the different languages). To "call on" or depend on the character of our Lord Jesus Christ is to cast one's life into His hands in repentence and, often, desperation. The promise is that all of those who do that will be saved. As Peter reminds us in his second epistle: God is not willing that one should perish. In other words, you have to want to perish. You have to choose to reject God and His Truth in order to be condemned.

Before we continue, let's take a look at the points Peter made in this first sermon:

  • Israel has killed her Messiah and God raised Him up
  • The Messiah is Jesus from the testimony of King David
    • David spoke of him…Jesus (in context)
    • and Jesus is LORD and David worshipped him.
    • Jesus is the promised Holy One of Israel – who was raised so He would not see corruption.
    • So Jesus is the promised Messiah.
    • Messiah is to sit on David’s Throne as the promised Millennial King.
    • God has raised up Jesus as he promised he would Messiah – we are witnesses to this event.

    Jesus has poured out the Holy Spirit in a way that only God can do as a)Proof of Messianic credentials and b) Proof that Kingdom offer real. That’s what they have just witnessed.

Verses 22-36
(NIV)
 “Fellow Israelites, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know. This man was handed over to you by God’s deliberate plan and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put him to death by nailing him to the cross.  But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him.  David said about him:

“‘I saw the Lord always before me.
Because he is at my right hand,
I will not be shaken.
Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices;
my body also will rest in hope,
because you will not abandon me to the realm of the dead,
you will not let your holy one see decay.
You have made known to me the paths of life;
you will fill me with joy in your presence.’

“Fellow Israelites, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day.  But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne. Seeing what was to come, he spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, that he was not abandoned to the realm of the dead, nor did his body see decay.  God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of it. Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spiritand has poured out what you now see and hear. For David did not ascend to heaven, and yet he said,

“‘The Lord said to my Lord:
“Sit at my right hand
 until I make your enemies
a footstool for your feet.”’

 “Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Messiah.”

(NKJ) “Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a Man attested by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know—  Him, being delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death;  whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible that He should be held by it.  For David says concerning Him:

‘I foresaw the Lord always before my face,
For He is at my right hand, that I may not be shaken.

Therefore my heart rejoiced, and my tongue was glad;
Moreover my flesh also will rest in hope.
For You will not leave my soul in Hades,
Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption.
You have made known to me the ways of life;
You will make me full of joy in Your presence.’

“Men and brethren, let me speak freely to you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his tomb is with us to this day.Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, He would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption. This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are all witnesses. Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He poured out this which you now see and hear.

“For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he says himself:

‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”’

“Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.”

(KJV) Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know: Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain: Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it. For David speaketh concerning him,

I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.

 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.

This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself,

The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, Until I make thy foes thy footstool.

Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made the same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.

Comment: Peter here presents the Gospel for the first time. We tend to associate the Gospel with simple words, like "Jesus died for you," without the idea of His real pain and suffering and our responsibility for it. Peter did not whitewash it. He also emphasized the Resurrection.

The last thing quoted, regarding foes being made Christ's footstool, is a picture usually lost on us today. First of all, the word for footstool in the Greek simply means 'footstool.' However, when you look up the word in Strongs Concordance, there are NO reference words listed. So we went to Youngs Concordance. A number of words are used which are translated 'footstool.' The two word combination used in Psalm 100, which Peter quoted are "regal" which means, consistently, "foot" or "feet." The other word, however, is "hadon" which, in the original, means to stamp upon. The concept of 'footstool' as something to put your feet up on when you are lounging is totally absent from the meaning. The Hebrew translation, word for word, of the phrase Peter quoted is, "Your enemies stamped upon by your feet." The term 'footstool' came because that is something you put your feet on. But the Hebrew implies something much more.

To understand what that implication is, we need to go back to Genesis 3, when God told Satan that the Seed of the woman would crush his (Satan's) head. The full explanation can be found in the study on Genesis 3:14-15. The interesting thing about the quote from Psalm 100 is that "enemy" has become plural. There are those who have sided with Satan, both in the angelic and human realms and all of them will be stamped upon.

Verses 37-41
(NIV)
When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”

Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.  The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off—for all whom the Lord our God will call.”

With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.”  Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day.

(NKJ)  Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Men and brethren, what shall we do?”

 Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.  For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all who are afar off, as many as the Lord our God will call.”

And with many other words he testified and exhorted them, saying, “Be saved from this perverse generation.” Then those who gladly received his word were baptized; and that day about three thousand souls were added to them.

(KJV) Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do? Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.

And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation. Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.

Comment: Thousands of people were there! These were Jews from all over the Roman Empire. Many must have been aware of the Crucifixion and at least heard rumors of the Resurrection. But whether they did nor not, these were Jews who were looking for and waiting for the Messiah. Jews who wanted the truth. And, using Peter, the Holy Spirit touched them that day and they responded. Three thousand responded. How many did not?

Baptizing three thousand people did not happen in a morning. It must have been going on for days, thus attracting more and more people to see what was going on.

There is a problem, however, with something translated here. The King James was translated by those who held to the Reformation doctrine (often known as Calvinism) that people were predestined to be saved or damned before they were born. Thus the King James, the New King James, and many others using them as a reference translate that "even as may as the Lord our God shall call." That is NOT what the Greek says. Word for word, the Greek reads, "For this is the promise to you and to the children of you, even to all those at a distance, as may as may call on the Lord the God of us."

Quite a different meaning in the original...

Verses 42-47
(NIV)
They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer.  Everyone was filled with awe at the many wonders and signs performed by the apostles. All the believers were together and had everything in common. They sold property and possessions to give to anyone who had need. Every day they continued to meet together in the temple courts. They broke bread in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts, praising God and enjoying the favor of all the people. And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved.

(NKJ)  And they continued steadfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers. Then fear came upon every soul, and many wonders and signs were done through the apostles. Now all who believed were together, and had all things in common, and sold their possessions and goods, and divided them among all, as anyone had need.

So continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart, praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved.

(KJV) And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers. And fear came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles. And all that believed were together, and had all things common; And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need.

And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart, Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.

Comment: There are many who want to go back to the 'early church' and live the way they imagine this passage indicates they were living. They are missing something important. There were several thousand new converts in Jerusalem who came from distant areas around the Empire. They had no phones, no internet, no newspapers. How were they to learn more? They had to stay in Jerusalem. But their businesses, and thus sources of income, were not there. So how could they stay? They were able to stay because of the residents of Jerusalem who were believers and invited them into their homes, sharing everything they had so they could all learn together from the Apostles. It was not communal living; it was accomodating long-term guests!

The last point that needs to be made for Acts chapter 2 is the term "the church" which is in the last sentence of both the KJV and the NKJ versions. The NIV states "their number." What was being added to daily in the Greek was the "ekklesia." This terms means "called out ones." It has been translated as "church" but did not originally have that meaning. Nor is it simply "numbers" as the NIV puts it. Believers have been called out from the world, as Jesus said. The term "church" was not to be used until later, when believing Jews could no longer worship in the Temple or in the synagogues. At that point it became clear that the Jewish hierarchy had refused Jesus as the Messiah and most Jews had followed them. Thus, as the Gentiles were added, something new was starting.

continue to Chapter 3