Isaiah 2

March 26 - April 16

Isaiah 2:1
Isaiah 2:2
Isaiah 2:3
Isaiah 2:4
Isaiah 2:5
Isaiah 2:6
Isaiah 2:7
Isaiah 2:8
Isaiah 2:9
Isaiah 2:10
Isaiah 2:11
Isaiah 2:12
Isaiah 2:13
Isaiah 2:14 - 16
Isaiah 2:17 - 18
Isaiah 2:19
Isaiah 2:20 - 21
Isaiah 2:22


Isaiah 2:1

NIV -- This is what Isaiah son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem:

KJV -- The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.

LXX -- The word which came to Isaian, son of Amoz, concerning Judea and concerning Jerusalem

Hebrew -- The word that saw Isiah, son of Amos, concerning Judah and Jerusalem.

Note:  This is a different vision.  Isaiah 1 was first vision.  The first message was about the whole nation of Israel.  Now Isaiah is narrowing the focus. Uzziah is still king here. 


Isaiah 2:2

NIV – In the last days the mountain of the LORD's temple will be established as chief among the mountains; it will be raised above the hills, and all nations will stream to it.

KJV –And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.

LXX – For in the last days the mountain of the Lord will be conspicuous and the house of God shall be on the top of the mountains and it shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall come to it.

Hebrew -- And it will be in the last days, established shall be the mountain of the house Jehovah's in the top of the mountains, and will be exalted above the hills; and shall flow to it all nations.

Notes:

  1.  Reference here to the Millennium.  “In the last days.” 
  2. Isaiah 40:4-5 – “ Every valley shall be raised up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground shall become level, the rugged places a plain. And the glory of the LORD will be revealed, and all mankind together will see it. For the mouth of the LORD has spoken."
  3. Zech 14:4-10
  4. Ezekiel 40:2 +  on a very high mountain.  Jerus. has been upthrust, split in Mt. of Olives, and land like a plain.  The city is built there on this high place
  5. Isaiah 4:5 – the Shekinah Glory Cloud
  6. Millennial Temple different from Tribulation Temple Rev. 11 – court of Gentiles not part of the Temple.  It is where the Dome is now – the actual Temple Holy of Holies about a hundred yards away.  But court of Gentiles extends farther, and will not be part of the Tribulation Temple. 
  7. In contrast to the way the first chapter was started, this chapter starts very positively with a promise of the future.
  8. all nations will FLOW to the Millennial Temple.

Isaiah 2:3

NIV – Many peoples will come and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths." The law will go out from Zion, the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

KJV – And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

LXX – And many nations shall go and say, Come and let us go to the mountain of the Lord, and to the house of the God of Jacob, and he will tell us his way, and we will walk in t for our of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord out of Jerusalem.

Hebrew – And will go many peoples and say, Come, and let us go up to the mount of Jehovah to the house of the God of Jacob, and he will teach from his ways, and we will walk in his paths, for out of Zion will go forth the law, and Jehovah's word from Jerusalem.

Notes:

1. All four versions basically the same.

2. National leaders will go to the Temple of the Lord to seek God's will on matters of national and international importance. Individuals also will go. They go there to learn God's will.

3. Romans 12:2 -- Do not conform any longer to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God's will is—his good, pleasing and perfect will. -- we are supposed to be in such contact with the Lord now that we can show others the best way. We have this inside now, by the indwelling Spirit of Jesus.

4. Ephesians 4:21 -- "Surely you heard of him and were taught in him in accordance with the truth that is in Jesus. You were taught, with regard to your former way of life, to put off your old self, which is being corrupted by its deceitful desires; to be made new in the attitude of your minds; and to put on the new self, created to be like God in true righteousness and holiness. Therefore each of you must put off falsehood and speak truthfully to his neighbor, for we are all members of one body." -- This should be the outworking of our practical experience now.

5. Jeremiah 50:4-5 -- "In those days, at that time," declares the LORD,  "the people of Israel and the people of Judah together will go in tears to seek the LORD their God. They will ask the way to Zion and turn their faces toward it. They will come and bind themselves to the LORD in an everlasting covenant that will not be forgotten."

6. "For out of Zion shall go forth the law and the word of the Lord out of Jerusalem" --that is because it will be the administrative capital of the world.

7. Zechariah 14:9 -- "The LORD will be king over the whole earth. On that day there will be one LORD, and his name the only name."

8. Zechariah 14:16-20 -- Then the survivors from all the nations that have attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King, the LORD Almighty, and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. If any of the peoples of the earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD Almighty, they will have no rain. If the Egyptian people do not go up and take part, they will have no rain. The LORD will bring on them the plague he inflicts on the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. This will be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. On that day HOLY TO THE LORD will be inscribed on the bells of the horses, and the cooking pots in the LORD's house will be like the sacred bowls in front of the altar.

9. Psalm 2: 4-9 -- "The One enthroned in heaven laughs; the Lord scoffs at them. Then he rebukes them in his anger and terrifies them in his wrath, saying, "I have installed my King on Zion, my holy hill." I will proclaim the decree of the LORD : He said to me, "You are my Son ; today I have become your Father. Ask of me, and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession. You will rule them with an iron scepter ; you will dash them to pieces like pottery."

10. Isaiah 35:2-10 -- the highway to the mountain of the Lord. The Highway of Holiness. Probably double meaning, both a physical highway and a spiritual way to live.

Isaiah 2:4

NIV – He will judge between the nations and will settle disputes for many peoples. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.

KJV – And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

LXX – And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plow-shares, and their spears into sickles: and nations shall not take up sword against nation, neither shall they learn to war any more.

Hebrew – And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke peoples many. and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning knives; not shall lift up nation against nation sword, nor shall they learn anymore war.

Notes:

1. All four versions basically similar.

2. He will judge and rebuke. In Genesis 18:25 -- Will not the judge of all the earth do right? (Abraham knew who he was dealing with)

3. We can be sure when He judges among the nations and rebukes many peoples, He will do it righteously and with understanding.

4. Joel 3:1-2, 12-21 -- In those days and at that time, when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem, I will gather all nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. There I will enter into judgment against them concerning my inheritance, my people Israel, for they scattered my people among the nations and divided up my land....Let the nations be roused; let them advance into the Valley of Jehoshaphat, for there I will sit to judge all the nations on every side. Swing the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, trample the grapes, for the winepress is full and the vats overflow— so great is their wickedness!" Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision! For the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision. The sun and moon will be darkened, and the stars no longer shine. The LORD will roar from Zion and thunder from Jerusalem; the earth and the sky will tremble. But the LORD will be a refuge for his people, a stronghold for the people of Israel. "Then you will know that I, the LORD your God, dwell in Zion, my holy hill. Jerusalem will be holy; never again will foreigners invade her. "In that day the mountains will drip new wine, and the hills will flow with milk; all the ravines of Judah will run with water. A fountain will flow out of the LORD's house and will water the valley of acacias. But Egypt will be desolate, Edom a desert waste, because of violence done to the people of Judah, in whose land they shed innocent blood. Judah will be inhabited forever and Jerusalem through all generations. Their bloodguilt, which I have not pardoned, I will pardon." The LORD dwells in Zion!

5. Micah 4:1-8 -- In the last days the mountain of the LORD's temple will be established as chief among the mountains; it will be raised above the hills, and peoples will stream to it. Many nations will come and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths." The law will go out from Zion, the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. He will judge between many peoples and will settle disputes for strong nations far and wide.   They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore. Every man will sit under his own vine and under his own fig tree, and no one will make them afraid, for the LORD Almighty has spoken. All the nations may walk in the name of their gods; we will walk in the name of the LORD our God for ever and ever. The LORD's Plan "In that day," declares the LORD, "I will gather the lame; I will assemble the exiles and those I have brought to grief. I will make the lame a remnant, those driven away a strong nation. The LORD will rule over them in Mount Zion from that day and forever. As for you, O watchtower of the flock, O stronghold of the Daughter of Zion, the former dominion will be restored to you; kingship will come to the Daughter of Jerusalem."

6. Psalm 72

Isaiah 2:5 (All 4 versions basically the same).

NIV – Come, O house of Jacob, let us walk in the light of the LORD.

KJV – O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of the LORD.

LXX – And now, O house of Jacob, come and let us walk in the light of the Lord.

Hebrew – O house of Jacob, Come and let us walk in the light of Jehovah.

Notes:

This statement comes at the end of all the nations going to Jerusalem and God judging and rebuking, etc. In this context, in view of all of this, Come, O House of Jacob... -- this is the only sensible, logical thing to do.

1. Romans 12:1 --  NIV -- Therefore, I urge you, brothers, in view of God's mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God—this is your spiritual act of worship.

KJV -- I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.

You have just begun to be reasonable when you do this. Correct translation is 'reasonable.' What Paul and Isaiah are both saying is that in view of everything that is going to happen, please turn to Him, there is no other way out.

Revelation 19:10. -- At this I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, "Do not do it! I am a fellow servant with you and with your brothers who hold to the testimony of Jesus. Worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy."

In other words, prophetic statements here in Isaiah are about Jesus. Your love for the Lord is your spiritual life. John 17:3 -- Now this is eternal life: that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.

As we walk before Him daily, know His thoughts, we begin to see things as He sees them and we know his mind. Always seek the mind of the Lord. James reminds us that if anyone lacks wisdom, he should seek it from the Lord.

We, as Christians know where it is all going to end up -- we have the Book -- so we should start to live in a way that glorifies God.

1 Corinthians 2:16 -- "For who has known the mind of the Lord that he may instruct him?" But we have the mind of Christ. the quote is from Isaiah 40:13 (Who has understood the mind of the LORD, or instructed him as his counselor?).

John 15:15 -- I no longer call you servants, because a servant does not know his master's business. Instead, I have called you friends, for everything that I learned from my Father I have made known to you.

Is this talking about justification or sanctification? Sanctification. You need to be in relationship with the Lord or suffer. Jews were physical example of this, done for us.

Hebrews 12: 5-12 -- And you have forgotten that word of encouragement that addresses you as sons:
    "My son, do not make light of the Lord's discipline,
       and do not lose heart when he rebukes you,
  because the Lord disciplines those he loves,
       and he punishes everyone he accepts as a son."

 Endure hardship as discipline; God is treating you as sons. For what son is not disciplined by his father? If you are not disciplined (and everyone undergoes discipline), then you are illegitimate children and not true sons. Moreover, we have all had human fathers who disciplined us and we respected them for it. How much more should we submit to the Father of our spirits and live! Our fathers disciplined us for a little while as they thought best; but God disciplines us for our good, that we may share in his holiness. No discipline seems pleasant at the time, but painful. Later on, however, it produces a harvest of righteousness and peace for those who have been trained by it.  Therefore, strengthen your feeble arms and weak knees.

This is giving us the picture of what our response should be. God has told us how it is all going to work out, so what should be our response? To walk in the light of the Lord.

Isaiah 2:6

NIV – You have abandoned your people, the house of Jacob. They are full of superstitions from the East; they practice divination like the Philistines and clasp hands with pagans.

KJV – Therefore thou hast forsaken thy people the house of Jacob, because they be replenished from the east, and are soothsayers like the Philistines, and they please themselves in the children of strangers.

LXX – For he has forsaken his people the house of Israel, because their land is filled as at the beginning with divinations, as the land of the Philistines, and many strange children were born to them.

Hebrew – For you have forsaken your people, the house of Jacob, for they are filled from the east and are soothsayers like the Philistines; and with children of foreigners they clap their hands.

Notes:
The New King James "for they are filled with Eastern ways..." also translated as "filled with customs from the East." What is East? Persia, India, SE Asia, Tibet -- center and focus of Hinduism, Buddhism, reincarnation, etc. (not too different from today!)

Here is where it starts, then at the end of verse 9 -- 'therefore do not forgive them.'

Today we find our own culture absorbed with customs from the East -- we are no different. Why was this such a problem then?

Deuteronomy 18:9-16. -- When you enter the land the LORD your God is giving you, do not learn to imitate the detestable ways of the nations there. Let no one be found among you who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead. Anyone who does these things is detestable to the LORD, and because of these detestable practices the LORD your God will drive out those nations before you. You must be blameless before the LORD your God.

The nations you will dispossess listen to those who practice sorcery or divination. But as for you, the LORD your God has not permitted you to do so. The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own brothers. You must listen to him. For this is what you asked of the LORD your God at Horeb on the day of the assembly when you said, "Let us not hear the voice of the LORD our God nor see this great fire anymore, or we will die."

We don't need divination or fortune-telling; God has given us the future so we can make correct decisions about our lives.

It's interesting that prophets that are 100% correct are often not believed, but those who are correct maybe 25% of the time have great followings.

The occult world does exist, Satan exists. They have some knowledge, but not all knowledge. They can give you some information, but not everything. It is God who determines truth.

Those who get deeper and deeper into the occult and demonist end up feeling hopeless -- they can't get themselves out.

"...are pleased with the children of foreigners"

Jeremiah 2:25 -- Do not run until your feet are bare
       and your throat is dry.
       But you said, 'It's no use!
       I love foreign gods, (KJV -- aliens, Hebrew: "strangers" or "foreigners")
       and I must go after them.'

See Numbers 25:1-15.

Malachi 2:15 -- NIV -- Has not the LORD made them one? In flesh and spirit they are his. And why one? Because he was seeking godly offspring. So guard yourself in your spirit, and do not break faith with the wife of your youth.

KJV -- And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.

LXX -- And did he not do well? And there was the residue of his spirit. But you said, What does God seek but a seed? But take you heed to your spirit and forsake the wife of your youth.

Hebrew -- But did he not make one? And a vestage of the spirit is him and to what of the one? He was seeking a seed of God and guard your spirit and with the wife of your youth deal not deceitfully.

Verse before -- "because the Lord has been witness between you and the wife of your youth...."

1 Corinthians 7:14 -- For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the [believing] wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the [believing] husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy.

2 Corinthians 6:14-18 -- KJV -- Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel? And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you. And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.

There is an interesting lesson from Sodom. Abraham "discussed" with the Lord -- if there are but 50 righteous men in Sodom, would God then destroy the city? (Genesis 18) No. What about 30? 25? 20? 10? If ten righteous people could be found, the city would be saved. What was going on? There is a clue also in Genesis 15 when God promises Canaan to Abraham, but not yet, because the sin of the Amorites had not yet reached its full measure. If there were a few righteous men left, then there was a voice for God left in the city, in the culture, and people would still have a choice. But without those voices, the children would grow up having no choice at all and therefore be doomed. This is not allowable in God's economy. "Choose this day whom you will serve" is a command that has rung down through the millennia, and is still valid today.

The more the children grow up with a knowledge of Scripture and parents who are truly Christian and whose righteousness is in the Lord, and who depend on Him for every minute and every decision of their lives, then the more those children will be encouraged to follow and to choose the Lord as well when they become of age to do so.

This verse, about 'strange children' in Isaiah, is a quiet reference to this type of thing. It is generally the men who married foreign women and not the women who married foreign men. Why? Because the women were mostly at home and it was the men who traveled, whether for trade or war; it was the men who met foreign women. And who raises the children? The women! Thus the child of a believing father who married an unbelieving woman, then or now, has presented his children with obstacles in their lives that would never happen had the marriage been unified in faith from the start.

Outcome of all this is in verse 9 "Therefore, do not forgive them."  

Isaiah 2:7

NIV – Their land is full of silver and gold; there is no end to their treasures. Their land is full of horses; there is no end to their chariots.

KJV – Their land also is full of silver and gold, neither is there any end of their treasures; their land is also full of horses, neither is there any end of their chariots:

LXX – For their land is filled with silver and gold, and there was no number of their treasures; their land also is filled with horses, and there was no number of their chariots.

Hebrew – And is filled his land with silver and gold, and not is an end to his treasures, and is filled his land with horses and is not an end to his chariots.

Notes:

1. "Their land" -- the land of Israel and Judah

2. What's the problem with silver and gold, or horses and chariots? Isn't that a sign the Lord is favoring them? Look at Deuteronomy 17:14-18 -- When you enter the land the LORD your God is giving you and have taken possession of it and settled in it, and you say, "Let us set a king over us like all the nations around us," be sure to appoint over you the king the LORD your God chooses. He must be from among your own brothers. Do not place a foreigner over you, one who is not a brother Israelite. The king, moreover, must not acquire great numbers of horses for himself or make the people return to Egypt to get more of them, for the LORD has told you, "You are not to go back that way again." He must not take many wives, or his heart will be led astray. He must not accumulate large amounts of silver and gold. When he takes the throne of his kingdom, he is to write for himself on a scroll a copy of this law, taken from that of the priests, who are Levites.

Here is God's standard for the king -- not a lot of horses; do not make an alliance with Egypt; not a lot of wives, not a lot of precious metals. The king must write out this law for himself, so he will be sure to remember it.

What comes to your mind when you think of this? Solomon! David's son. If you check Ecclesiastes you will see his final response to all this.

3. Psalm 20:5-9 -- a Psalm of David

We will shout for joy when you are victorious
       and will lift up our banners in the name of our God.
       May the LORD grant all your requests.

  Now I know that the LORD saves his anointed;
       he answers him from his holy heaven
       with the saving power of his right hand.

  Some trust in chariots and some in horses,
       but we trust in the name of the LORD our God.

  They are brought to their knees and fall,
       but we rise up and stand firm.

  O LORD, save the king!
       Answer us when we call!

["his anointed" is Mashiach -- the Messiah]

David was right before the Lord. David is known as a king after God's own heart. God is able to save, if we 'plug in' to him.

verse 5 in the King James reads: We will rejoice in thy salvation, and in the name of our God we will set up our banners: the LORD fulfil all thy petitions.

the word "salvation" is the word "Y'shua" in the Hebrew. Translators chose to translate this as a thing rather than a Person.

4. Psalm 5:11-12 -- But let all those that put their trust in thee rejoice: let them ever shout for joy, because thou defendest them: let them also that love thy name be joyful in thee. For thou, LORD, wilt bless the righteous; with favour wilt thou compass him as with a shield.

In other words, Israel/Judah did not need a standing army for defense. Recall Hezekiah & demise of Sennacherib's army

Isaiah 37:36 -- Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.

If God can do that, He should be able to look after any one with anything. You need to maintain your fellowship with God, as David did. You can't expect that sort of protection if you are not with the Almighty.

5. But now we see from this part of Isaiah that the horses, chariots, silver, and gold had all been multiplied.

Isaiah 2:8

NIV – Their land is full of idols; they bow down to the work of their hands, to what their fingers have made.

KJV – Their land also is full of idols; they worship the work of their own hands, that which their own fingers have made:

LXX – And the land is filled with abominations, even the works of their hands; and they have worshiped the works which their fingers made.

Hebrew – And filled is his land with idols; the work of his hands he worships, that which have made his own fingers.

Notes:

1. They are making idols and then bow down and worship them, calling them 'gods.' Something crazy here! Remember the days of Samuel when the Philistines captured the Ark of the Covenant. They took it to the god Dagon' temple. Left it there overnight and in the morning the idol had fallen down and its hands were broken off.

2. Jeremiah 2:27-28 -- (KJV) As the thief is ashamed when he is found, so is the house of Israel ashamed; they, their kings, their princes, and their priests, and their prophets. Saying to a stock, Thou art my father; and to a stone, Thou hast brought me forth: for they have turned their back unto me, and not their face: but in the time of their trouble they will say, Arise, and save us. But where are thy gods that thou hast made thee? let them arise, if they can save thee in the time of thy trouble: for according to the number of thy cities are thy gods, O Judah.

You made these things, you worship them. Now see if they can help you.

3. Jeremiah 32:30 -- For the children of Israel and the children of Judah have only done evil before me from their youth: for the children of Israel have only provoked me to anger with the work of their hands, saith the LORD.

The work of their hands is the construction of idols.

\ Micah 5:10-15 -- And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD, that I will cut off thy horses out of the midst of thee, and I will destroy thy chariots: And I will cut off the cities of thy land, and throw down all thy strong holds: And I will cut off witchcrafts out of thine hand; and thou shalt have no more soothsayers: Thy graven images also will I cut off, and thy standing images out of the midst of thee; and thou shalt no more worship the work of thine hands. And I will pluck up thy groves out of the midst of thee: so will I destroy thy cities. And I will execute vengeance in anger and fury upon the heathen, such as they have not heard.

Micah was prophesying about the same time as Isaiah

Compare with final response from Israel in Hosea 14:3-5 -- Take with you words, and turn to the LORD: say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously: so will we render the calves of our lips. Asshur shall not save us; we will not ride upon horses: neither will we say any more to the work of our hands, Ye are our gods: for in thee the fatherless findeth mercy. I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for mine anger is turned away from him. I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon. His branches shall spread, and his beauty shall be as the olive tree, and his smell as Lebanon. They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive as the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof shall be as the wine of Lebanon. Ephraim shall say, What have I to do any more with idols? I have heard him, and observed him: I am like a green fir tree. From me is thy fruit found. Who is wise, and he shall understand these things? prudent, and he shall know them? for the ways of the LORD are right, and the just shall walk in them: but the transgressors shall fall therein.

Hosea was preaching at the same time as Isaiah.

Isaiah 2:9

NIV – So man will be brought low and mankind humbled— do not forgive them. [not raise them up]

KJV – And the mean man boweth down, and the great man humbleth himself: therefore forgive them not.

LXX – And the mean man bowed down, and the great man was humbled: and I will not pardon them.

Hebrew – And was bowed down man, and was humbled man, but not you lift up them.

Notes:

1. This is not repentance. This is these people bowing down before idols, not the Lord.

2. "Mean" is in contrast to "great" -- everyone is bowing down to idols.

Remember the First Commandment: You will have no other gods besides/before me. "Besides/before" means, in the Hebrew, "instead of."

3. Jeremiah 25:5-7 -- They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever: And go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt. Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.

4. Jeremiah 35:15 -- I have sent also unto you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying, Return ye now every man from his evil way, and amend your doings, and go not after other gods to serve them, and ye shall dwell in the land which I have given to you and to your fathers: but ye have not inclined your ear, nor hearkened unto me.

5. Today, our idols are different: cars, boats, rock singers, politicians, pets....

Isaiah 2:10

NIV – Go into the rocks, hide in the ground from dread of the LORD and the splendor of his majesty!

KJV – Enter into the rock, and hide thee in the dust, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty.

LXX – Now therefore enter you into the rocks, and hide yourselves in the earth, for fear of the Lord, and by reason of the glory of his might, when he shall arise to strike terribly the earth.

Hebrew – Enter into the rock and hide in the dust from before the fear of Jehovah, and from glory his majesty's.

Notes:

1. Revelation 6:14-16 -- The sky receded like a scroll, rolling up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place. Then the kings of the earth, the princes, the generals, the rich, the mighty, and every slave and every free man hid in caves and among the rocks of the mountains. They called to the mountains and the rocks, "Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb!

2. So the LXX has it correct in what it is saying.

3. The people are so amazed at the power of God that when He comes, they want to hide -- so badly they want things to fall on them so they can't see him anymore.

Isaiah 2:11

NIV – The eyes of the arrogant man will be humbled and the pride of men brought low; the LORD alone will be exalted in that day.

KJV – The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.

LXX – For the eyes of the Lord are high, but man is low; and the haughtiness of men shall be brought low, and the Lord alone shall be exalted in that day.

Hebrew – The eyes of haughtiness man's will be humbled, and bowed the pride of men, but will be exalted Jehovah he alone in that day.

Notes:

1. No matter how high you are as a human being, the Lord is so much higher that the differences between us are nothing.

2. Proverbs 16:5 -- The LORD detests all the proud of heart.
       Be sure of this: They will not go unpunished.

LXX -- Everyone that is proud in heart is unclean before God, and he that unjustly strikes hand with hand shall not be held guiltless.

Proverbs 6:16-19 -- There are six things the LORD hates, seven that are detestable to him: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that devises wicked schemes, feet that are quick to rush into evil, a false witness who pours out lies and a man who stirs up dissension among brothers.

God hates this as much as idols.

Isaiah 2:12

NIV – The LORD Almighty has a day in store for all the proud and lofty, for all that is exalted (and they will be humbled),

KJV – For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; and he shall be brought low:

LXX – For the day of the Lord of hosts shall be upon everyone that is proud and haughty, and upon everyone that is high and towering, and they shall be brought down;

Hebrews – For the day of Jehovah of hosts will be against all the proud and lofty ones; and against all that is lifted, and it will ever be abased.

Notes:

1. All your plans, all your great ideas, and then the sky opens and the Messiah there, in power -- "Oh no! I've blown it!"

2. The common human condition of having the heart uplifted in pride is such an abomination to the Lord that when He comes, all of that will be drained away completely from those left on the earth. It will have accomplished nothing.

Isaiah 2:13

NIV – for all the cedars of Lebanon, tall and lofty, and all the oaks of Bashan,

KJV – And upon all the cedars of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan,

LXX – and upon every cedar of Lebanon, of them that are high and towering, and upon every oak of Bashan,

Hebrew – And against all the cedars of Lebanon, high and lifted up; and against all the oaks of Bashan.

Notes:

1. Why the cedars of Lebanon and the oaks of Bashan be singled out for this treatment? The cedars are a picture of pride -- they are tall and magnificent. Both these types of trees are growing in high places. They will be flattened in the catastrophe in which every valley will be exalted and every mountain laid low. This is going to be an enormous geological catastrophe.

2. Isaiah 30:25 -- In the day of great slaughter, when the towers fall, streams of water will flow on every high mountain and every lofty hill.

3. Zechariah 11: 1-3 -- Open your doors, O Lebanon, so that fire may devour your cedars! Wail, O pine tree, for the cedar has fallen; the stately trees are ruined! Wail, oaks of Bashan; the dense forest has been cut down! Listen to the wail of the shepherds; their rich pastures are destroyed! Listen to the roar of the lions; the lush thicket of the Jordan is ruined!

4. Ezekiel 31: 1-14 (NIV) or in KJV -- the trees are used as symbols for the leaders of the nations and the nations themselves. In this sense, there are several meanings to these verses..

Isaiah 2:14 - 16

NIV – for all the towering mountains and all the high hills, for every lofty tower and every fortified wall, for every trading ship and every stately vessel.

KJV – And upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills that are lifted up, And upon every high tower, and upon every fenced wall, And upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures.

LXX – and upon every high mountain, and upon every high hill, And upon every high tower, and upon every high wall, And upon every ship of the sea, and upon every display of fine ships.

Hebrew – And against all the mountains high; and against all the hills lifted up. And against every tower tall; and against every wall fortified. And against all the ships of Tarshish; and against all the craft desirable.

Notes:

1. Upon all the ships of Tarshish and upon all the pictures of desire is another possible rendering for KJV.

2. Everything which is tall, lofty, lifted up, desirable, admired -- all that is going to go.

Isaiah 2:17 -18

NIV – The arrogance of man will be brought low and the pride of men humbled; the LORD alone will be exalted in that day, and the idols will totally disappear.

KJV – And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be made low: and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day. And the idols he shall utterly abolish.

LXX – And every man shall be brought low, and the pride of men shall fall: and the Lord alone shall be exalted in that day. And they shall hide all idols made with hands.

Hebrew – And will be humbled pride man's, and will be abased loftiness men's; and will be exalted Jehovah alone in that day. And the idols completely will vanish.

Notes:

1. Men will recognize the idols were of absolutely no worth. They cannot compare to the power, the might, the strength, and the glory of the One who is coming. He ALONE will be exalted.

Isaiah 2:19

NIV – Men will flee to caves in the rocks and to holes in the ground from dread of the LORD and the splendor of his majesty, when he rises to shake the earth.

KJV – And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.

LXX – Having carried them into the caves, and into the clefts of the rocks, and into the caverns of the earth, for the fear of the Lord, and by reason of the glory of his might, when he shall rise to strike terribly the earth.

Hebrew – And they shall go into the caves of the rocks, and into the holes of the dust from before the fear of Jehovah and from glory his majesty's when he arises to make tremble the earth.

Notes:

1. 2 Thessalonians 1: 6-10 -- Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.

cf John 17:3 -- eternal life is knowing the Father and the Son -- so this, above, is separation forever, -- eternal death.

2. Haggai 2: 6-7 -- For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

Isaiah 2:20-21

NIV – In that day men will throw away to the rodents and bats their idols of silver and idols of gold, which they made to worship. They will flee to caverns in the rocks and to the overhanging crags from dread of the LORD and the splendor of his majesty, when he rises to shake the earth.

KJV – In that day a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which they made each one for himself to worship, to the moles and to the bats; To go into the clefts of the rocks, and into the tops of the ragged rocks, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.

LXX – For in that day a man shall cast forth his silver and gold abominations, which they made in order to worship vanities and bats; To enter into the caverns of the solid rock, and into the clefts of the rocks, for fear of the Lord, and by reason of the glory of his might, when he shall arise to strike terribly the earth.

Hebrew – In that day shall throw man idols of his silver, and idols of his gold, which they made for him to worship, to the burrowers and to the bats. To go into the crevices the rocks, and into the clefts of the cliffs, from before the dread of Jehovah and from glory his majesty's when he arises to make tremble the earth.

Notes:

1. Isaiah is giving us in brief what is going to happen. More details are through the rest of the Bible. This is the Second Coming, immediately after the Tribulation.

Isaiah 2:22

NIV – Stop trusting in man, who has but a breath in his nostrils. Of what account is he?

KJV – Cease ye from man, whose breath is in his nostrils: for wherein is he to be accounted of ?

LXX – no verse 22 in LXX

Hebrew – Cease yourself from man whose breath is in his nostril, for in what is to be esteemed he?

Notes:

1. This is the conclusion to all of this.

2. This verse may not have been in the original -- but it is an excellent summary.

3. Jeremiah 17: 5-8 --  Thus saith the LORD; Cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the LORD. For he shall be like the heath in the desert, and shall not see when good cometh; but shall inhabit the parched places in the wilderness, in a salt land and not inhabited.

Blessed is the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is. For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and that spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit.

Here the righteous are being likened to trees as well. Psalm 1 says the same.

We look tender and delicate on the surface, but our root system in the Lord is extensive.